12 Unique Day Trips from Sofia, Bulgaria

I lived in Sofia from 2018-2021, and while I’ve since returned home to my beautiful home state of California, I still find myself raving to people about the underrated beauty of Bulgaria.

No one talks about how beautiful Bulgaria is. When I arrived, I was surprised to find some of the most beautiful mountains and mountain lakes in all of Europe, rivaling those of Switzerland and Montenegro.

I walked through historic old towns that didn’t make me homicidal trying to squeeze through crowds of tourists. I explored historic churches and monasteries and Roman stadiums nearly two millennia old.

Everywhere I went, I wondered why there weren’t more people exploring all the beauty of Bulgaria.

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The best part is that with the exception of visiting the Black Sea coast, you can do almost anything as a day trip from Sofia.

During my first trip to Bulgaria, I based myself in Sofia for a month in an Airbnb. As a result, I did lots of day trips, leaving early in the morning to maximize my time and coming back at night to avoid paying twice for accommodation.

After living in Sofia for nearly 3 years as an expat, I’ve discovered even more wonderful cities, towns, and natural wonders around Bulgaria that I’m happy to share with you!

Of course, many of these destinations are also suitable for a longer stay, particularly Plovdiv and Veliko Tarnovo, but they also work as day trips from Sofia.

Unlike most Sofia day trips posts out there — I’ve actually done all these myself, with the exception of Musala because I’m not a very skilled hiker.

While I’ve included a ton of day trips here, there are still plenty of things to do in Sofia, but I always suggest taking a day trip to see some of the natural wonders this region of Bulgaria has to offer.

Planning on visiting Sofia? Since writing this post, I moved to Sofia and started running a travel blog exclusively dedicated to travel in Sofia with a fellow expat. Check out our new blog Sofia Adventures to help you with all your Bulgaria travel planning!

Seven Rila Lakes

If you’re at all into hiking, this is my #1 recommendation of what to do in Bulgaria in the summer and early fall. The Rila Lakes are less than 100 kilometers away from the capital, making it a perfect day trip from Sofia.

If you’re staying at a hostel in Sofia (I recommend Hostel Mostel, which I stayed at in Veliko Tarnovo and loved), many times there will be an organized tour you can easily hop on. If not, you can organize it yourself, but it’s a bit complicated. Take a bus from Sofia to Dupnitsa, then a minivan to the chairlift at Rila Lakes. Get an early start, as the chair lifts end around 4:30 PM. You can also take an organized tour to Rila Lakes. When I went, I took a group shuttle that my Airbnb host helped me organize, and I paid 12 leva each way.

The hike will take about 3-5 hours, not including the time you need to wait for and take the agonizingly slow chair lift (you can walk from the lift station to where it drops you off, but you’ll need to add a few more hours to your hike). The lift costs 10 leva one way, 18 roundtrip, and entrance to the Rila Lakes is free.

Rila Monastery

Despite sharing a name with the Lakes, these two places are not actually that close together. Originally, a friend and I rented a car, hoping to do both in one day — way overly ambitious, as there was simply no chance of that happening!

The Rila Monastery is stunning, and I don’t know what’s more beautiful: the church or the open terraced monastery where the monks live that encases the church and courtyard.

My friend Stephanie and I rented a car, which ended up being a good choice — we also got to explore the crazy unofficial junk museum/hoarder’s den in Kocherinovo, eat at a lovely restaurant where I nearly destroyed my throat choking on a fish bone, hike the Stob’s pyramids, and stop at a mall for sushi because apparently, that’s what you do when traveling in Bulgaria.

If you don’t have a friend to split a rental car with, it’s best to book a guided tour, as there is only one bus to and from every day, and it only gives you about two hours at the monastery.


Plovdiv is worth an extended visit all on its own, but if you have limited time in Bulgaria, a day trip from Sofia is a great option (then come back and explore it more!).

Plovdiv is one of the oldest continually habited cities in the world, and it’s definitely one of the oldest in Europe, with artifacts found dating as far back as 6000 BC. A remarkably well-preserved Roman stadium is right in the center of town, which dates back two millennia.

Plovdiv is also home to Kapana, a neighborhood filled with artsy boutiques, funky cafés, and relaxed bars. Plovdiv was named the European Capital of Culture for 2019, and there’s a lot of revival happening in Bulgaria’s second largest city as they prepare for the festivities.

It’s quite easy to get to do a day trip from Sofia to Plovdiv by bus (check schedules here, prices start at 14 leva each way), but if you prefer a guided tour or want to see Bachkovo too, there are affordable tours on offer as well.

Veliko Tarnovo

Veliko Tarnovo is perfect for a longer stay, but it also works great as a day trip from Sofia or an overnighter. The Tsarevets fortress is a must-see, and the church at the top of the hill inside the fortress is home to some of the trippiest, oddest religious art I’ve ever seen in my life.

We’re talking BDSM Jesus meets cow skulls with a distinctly Cubist affect… I actually do kind of think whoever painted the murals inside this church must have been having a seriously bad PCP trip.

Aside from being home to the world’s weirdest religious art, it also has a beautiful monument and beer garden where you can see the town of Veliko Tarnovo cascading down the hills to the riverside. It’s also home to some surprisingly happening nightlife, with funky craft beer and cocktail bars like Tequila Bar staying open well into the night.

Veliko Tarnovo is also a good base for day trips to some nearby spots, like Buzludzha and the Krushuna waterfalls (see later on in this list) if either of those strike your fancy.

It’s easy enough to go by bus, but I recommend booking your tickets online or buying them at the station the day before. Both there and back, I had trouble getting on the bus I wanted and had to wait 1-2 hours for the next bus. For this reason, a day tour could also be a good idea if you are pressed for time or unable to buy bus tickets in advance.

Vitosha/Cherni Vrah

Photo credit to commenter Svetoslav Markov, thanks!

One of the easiest day trips from Sofia is hiking Vitosha, the 2290-meter mountain right outside the city. On weekends in the summer, LIDL runs two free daily buses to one of the trailheads in the morning (one bus leaves at 8 AM, the other at 9 AM, from Vasil Levski Stadium; arrive a half hour early to secure a seat or you may have to stand) and returning at 5 and 6 PM. There are also several city buses if you want to go during the weekdays; Free Sofia Tours has detailed information on their website.

The hike from where the LIDL bus drops you off (The Golden Bridges, or Zlatnite Mostove) takes about 3 hours up and 2 hours back; whereas if you take one of the city buses to a point nearer to the peak, it’ll only take you about an hour to the top and another hour back.

You can also check out Kopitoto, the TV tower and abandoned ski lift, whie you’re on Vitosha, which has amazing views over Sofia.



Buzludzha is a former Communist meeting place, abandoned nearly 30 years ago and ravaged by time, vandals, and the elements. While it’s not officially open to the public and the main entrance has been closed, tours still run there organized by Bulgaria Communism Tours upon request, or you can rent a car to get there on a day trip from Sofia, Plovdiv, or Veliko Tarnovo.

Buzludzha strikes mixed feelings in the hearts of a lot of Bulgarians. When I expressed that I wanted to go there, many people didn’t understand why: “why go to a dead place?” my Airbnb host asked me, genuinely puzzled by my interest in the decaying monument.

For me, the decay is the main interest — an architectural scar on the landscape of a country wondering where to go next. This abandoned UFO-looking building is, in my mind, an interesting symbol of a country not sure how to properly memorialize its past while still looking forward.

Belogradchik Fortress

The Belogradchik Rocks are an odd, distinctive rock formation in the Northwest corner of Bulgaria, stretching nearly 30 kilometers long with stones measuring up to 200 meters. Each formation has a name based on what people in the past thought it looked like, and many of the formations have some sort of myth associated with it. There’s a famous fortress in nestled in the rocks, too, which you can explore as well.

It’s quite difficult to get here by public transport, as there’s only one daily bus and it takes four hours. You’re better off renting a car or going on a group tour that’ll show you both the rocks and the fortress. Personally, I came by car as part of a road trip combining Bulgaria and Serbia.


Koprovshtitsa, a great day trip from Sofia

Koprivshtitsa (try saying that three times fast) is a historic “museum town” that has kept in tact much of its 19th-century architectural style.

There are direct buses and trains to Koprivshitsa from Sofia a few times daily, but when I visited as part of my long Bulgaria road trip, I went by car so that we could explore Koprivshtitsa at its own pace.

Personally, renting a car is my favorite way to enjoy traveling in Bulgaria as public transit is a bit unreliable.

Saeva Dupka Cave

This is one of the first caves in Bulgaria I visited and it won’t be the last!

I have a weird thing for geology and I find caves especially fascinating. The Saeva Dupka cave is particularly gorgeous, with glittering mineral formations and tons of elaborate stalagmites and stalactites.

This cave actually reminds me a bit of the stunning ATM Cave in Belize with how massive it is and how crazy the stalagmites and stalactites look. You can go on a guided tour or rent a car to get here; we opted for renting a car and tried to combine it with the Krushuna Waterfalls (but failed due to rain). However, if you had better weather, you could definitely do both in one day.

Melnik Pyramids

Melnik, another day trip from Sofia possibility

Bulgaria is home to lots of funky rock formations, from the giant stone pillars of Belogradchik that almost remind you of Meteora in Greece to the hoodoos of Stub’s Pyramids near Rila Monastery which are like a much smaller version of Bryce Canyon.

Melnik is one of the cooler rock formations in Bulgaria, with pyramid-like rocks that stretch up into the sky surrounding a small humble town. Even better, the region is famous for its wine, so it’s a must-visit if you are intrigued by trying Bulgarian wine (the rosés here are especially nice, in my opinion!)

It doesn’t seem as if it’s possible to do a day trip using public transport, as what I’ve found online suggests the one daily bus leaves Sofia at 2 PM, so I’d suggest a guided tour of Melnik and the Rozhen monastery if you want to make this a day trip from Sofia, or stay overnight if you want to do it independently.

Krushuna Waterfalls & Devetashka Cave

If you’re in Sofia in the summer, it can get really, really hot. I’m talking sticky, 40 degree Celsius, massively-thigh-chafing heat. Sofia’s about a six-hour bus ride from the Black Sea coast, so if you have a long time in Bulgaria, it’s a great place to escape the heat for a bit. But if you’re just looking for a day trip from Sofia to give you some relief from that city heat, try going to the Krushuna waterfalls, a series of waterfalls formed by calcium travertines (similar to ones you may have seen in photos in Semuc Champey, Oaxaca, Pamukkale, etc.).

You can get there by taking a bus to Lovech and then onto Krushuna, or simplify your life with a guided tour of the waterfalls and nearby cave. This would also work great as a day trip from Veliko Tarnovo if you choose to spend time there, as it’s much closer to Veliko Tarnovo than it is to Sofia.

Musala Peak

If Vitosha isn’t enough mountain for you, it’s possible to leave from Sofia, hike the tallest mountain in the entire Balkan peninsula, and get back at night.

Musala Peak is in the Rila Mountain range, the same range as the Seven Rila Lakes hike, but Musala Peak stretches a staggering 2,925 meters into the sky.

To get there in one day, it’s probably easiest to do a guided day trip, as you can be sure you’ll have a roundtrip transfer. Otherwise, you can try to take a bus from Sofia to Samokov then a minibus to Borovets, where you can take a gondola that’ll bring you to 2369 meters.

You can then do the hike to the top of Musala, which should take about 3 to 4 hours to ascend depending on your pace.

Note: While Bulgaria is very safe, I always recommend purchasing travel insurance on your travels — especially if you plan to drive or hike and adventure around. I always use World Nomads to cover me in case I get injured or ill, and find them easy to deal with and affordable.

Where to Stay in Sofia – Recommendations from a Local

Sofia is a great place for all the Bulgaria day trips you can dream of! If you’re looking for a great place to stay in Sofia, I have a few recommendations broken down into a few different budget categories. Budget accommodations will mean hostels, which cost usually around $10 per night or less. Mid-range accommodations will fall around $50 per night, and luxury will cost you upwards of $100 per night. Still, Sofia offers great value compared to other European capital cities, so $100 in Sofia will get you much, much further than say in Western Europe.

Budget: If you are looking for a hostel I always recommend Hostel Mostel to my friends. I haven’t stayed at the Sofia one because I’ve always had an apartment or Airbnb as I live there, but I’ve stayed at the one in Veliko Tarnovo and can highly recommend it. I especially love that you get a free vegetarian dinner in addition to breakfast included in your stay! Check rates and availability here, as Hostel Mostel is popular and tends to book up in advance.

Mid-range: For a nice, trendy brand new boutique hotel that still won’t break the bank, I recommend R34 Boutique Hotel close to one of my favorite buildings in Sofia, the Ivan Vazov National Theater. I especially love the loft-like details, such as white-painted exposed brick, giant windows, and streamlined but trendy Scandinavian-esque décor. It’s quite affordable, too – check rates, reviews, photos, and availability here.

Luxury: If you want the best hotel in town, it’s hands down Sense Hotel. I go to their rooftop bar all the time when I have guests in town as I think it has one of the best views in the entire city and they make fantastic cocktails. So close to Alexander Nevsky Cathedral that many rooms literally hav ea view of it, the hotel also boasts a state-of-the-art fitness center, an art gallery in the lobby, a pool, and the rooms are just divine. It’s truly the best choice in town (and the lobby smells amazing — random but true!). Check rates, reviews, photos, and availability here.


  1. Hello Allison,
    first of all, I would like to thank you for the emotional description of my homeland. I hope that you will find time to come back to Bulgaria and to explore all places from your list.
    I found some typing mistakes in the names of the places so I’m writing here the right names.
    1. …hike the Stub’s pyramids / The right name of the vilage is StOb.
    2. The Tsarvarets fortress / Tsarevets
    3. …trips to some nearby spots, like Budludzha / Buzludzha

    If you want to touch the real and the oldest Bulgarian history you must go somewhere in Rhodope mountains – there is the birth place of Orpheus plus many historic artefacts from Thracians.
    Other beautyful and historic place is Shipka hill. When you come back here and plan your trip to Buzludzha you can also see Kazanlak and the oldest Thracian treasure which has been found until now.

    1. Thanks for your lovely comment and for stepping in to help my atrocious spelling of Bulgarian words — and here I was thinking I was so smart because I could read Cyrillic bahaha 😀

      Thanks for the further recommendations, I’ve added these to my list for my return next year, which is almost definitely happening! <3

      1. You are always welcome 🙂 | Винаги си добре дошла!
        Bulgarians are famous for their hospitality. If you want some Bulgarian company, you can write me an email before you come here. I left my email in the contact form when I put my first comment. May be your Bulgarian will become better with a native speaking teacher. 😉
        I also have a personal blog (with some travel’s stories) like you, but I am a beginner and everything is in Bulgarian language 😉 I don’t have enough time to describe all trips I have made, but if you are interested to take a look at it I will put a link in the field down here.

        1. Yes, Bulgarians are so hospitable, it was one of my favorite things about my time there! I’d love to meet up next time I’m in Bulgaria, and hopefully my Bulgarian will improve some 🙂 I’ll definitely check out your blog, I’ll use the translate button on my browser. Thanks for everything, hope to see you in България some day!

  2. Hello,
    It was a pleasant surprise to find, that you’ve choosen 2 of my Pixabay pictures for your blog post. Unfortunately I found that there is no photo from Vitosha, You can use this if you like. Bulgaria is a lovely juel, a love it so much!
    Bulgaria is a lovely juel, a love it so much!
    Best regards!

    1. Hi Svetoslav! Thanks so much for your comment and for adding your beautiful photos to Pixabay — they are just stunning 🙂 Actually I took a few photos of Vitosha, but I am a terrible travel blogger and forgot to upload mine! I’ll use yours in the meantime with photo credits, thanks so much! I love Bulgaria so much as well 😀

  3. Allison, you wrote a great article. I am very glad that you enjoyed your stay in Bulgaria. You have visited some of the most famous and remarkable places. I can also recommend a hiking tour in the Pirin Mountains. Vihren is the third highest peak on the Balkan Peninsula. In my opinion it is harder to climb compared to Musala because of the specific relief but the effort is worth it. The view from there is breathtaking.

    1. Hi Albena, thanks so much! I’m glad you liked this article 🙂 I definitely want to go to the Pirin mountains – my Bulgarian friend who loves to hike highly recommended them. I definitely will give Vihren a shot sometime in the future when I’m back in Bulgaria and feel up to a challenge. Thanks for commenting!

  4. Hi Allison, I’m about to make a trip to Bulgaria and this day-trip guide was super helpful! I’m going to try to get in as much as possible. I have a week, and I know this is crazy, but although I’m based from Sofia I’m going to see what I can do about a Sofia-Thessaloniki-Skopje-Pristina trip… any tips?

    1. Hi Chloe! I think honestly you should cut Thessaloniki out of that – it’s super out of the way compared to the others and you really don’t have enough time with one week. You could do 3 days in Sofia, 2 days in Skopje, 2 days in Pristina pretty easily though. Sofia to Skopje is about 4 hours and Skopje to Pristina is about 2. I think you have to go back the same way due to the border conflict with Serbia. But there’s also plenty to do in Bulgaria with one week (I spent a month there and didn’t even get to all of these, and I’m going back soon!)

  5. I’ve spent a good amount of time in Sofia myself and these are some great suggestions. Some can only really be done by car but it’s cool you make the practicalities clear.

    Plovdiv is a must-see in Bulgaria if you like cities and history…and so easy to do from Sofia, so I definitely second that one 🙂

    What was that “museum” in Kocherinovo? Never heard of it before and it looks like my kind of oddball place.

    1. Hi Mitch, thanks for the kind words. Yes, everything is SO MUCH easier with a car, but usually with a combo of buses + affordable taxis most places are within public transport distance as well. I hope to have more firsthand knowledge on this topic when I move back to Sofia in 2 weeks. It’s my goal to personally visit every place on this list so I can have more up to date details, and not just internet research.

      Plovdiv and Veliko were probably my two favorite day trips from Sofia, after the Rila Lakes. Such an amazing city and well worth more than a day if you have the time.

      The “museum” isn’t so much as a museum, it’s more of a junkyard. Parts of it are organized (collections of TVs, old signs, old cars, etc.) — and parts of it are just literal junk (including, inexplicably, an entire room full of unused movie theatre seats). But they allow people and to see all sorts of cool old-timey junk and it’s by donation only, and it’s literally on the way to Rila, so I highly recommend a visit if you ever rent a car to go to Rila Monastery 🙂

  6. How is Sofia for everyday life? Is it walkable, safe, convinient? How is medical service? How are prices of food in the stores, prices for utilities, rent? languages spoken, jobs, people, food? Visa for Americans?
    Please also compare to Yerevan.
    Thank you

    1. Sofia is pleasant for everyday life – been here since 2018 living long-term. Medical services are good, prices of food are average compared to rest of Europe, rent is around 250-500 euro a month. English is pretty widely spoken… jobs, people, it really depends on what you’re looking for. I’m married to an EU citizen, which is how I have my visa, but it’s rather difficult for most Americans to get a visa to live here without a valid work contract. Can’t compare to Yerevan as I’ve only spent a week there – reach out to my friends at absolutearmenia.com for more info on there!

      1. Hey!!
        I really like to read what you wrote
        What is the best transportation from Sofia airport for the city
        Thank you!!

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