Nicaragua was just made for bucket list adventures – with nearly 20 active volcanoes and two equally epic coastlines, it’s heaven on earth for the adventurous spirit. The icing on the cake? Nicaragua is one of the safest and cheapest places in all of North America, with a dorm bed starting at $5 USD per night. I spent over five weeks in this small yet action-packed country and had the adventure of a lifetime. From hurdling down the slope of an active volcano to scuba diving in the Caribbean sea, here are 25 things to do in Nicaragua before you die.
1. Volcano board down Central America’s youngest volcano
Of all the things to do in Nicaragua, volcano boarding down Cerro Negro is perhaps the most unique. Cerro Negro is a young volcano at only 150 years old, and it’s also one of Nicaragua’s most active. In fact, it’s overdue for an eruption, adding an extra death-defying element to your 30+ mph hurdle down thousands of feet of volcanic gravel. This one’s not for the faint of heart — I fell three times and lived to tell the tale — but it’s an adrenaline rush that only Nicaragua can offer. Tours cost $25-30.
Check out hotels & hostels in Leon – I recommend Casa Abierta; they have an amazing pool and the price is cheap as chips!
RELATED: Volcano Boarding in Leon
2. Cliff jump and swim through Nicaragua’s version of the Grand Canyon
Somoto Canyon was only “discovered” in 2004, and it’s a well-kept secret (until now – sorry y’all) as few outside of Nicaragua have even heard of it. Those who go will be rewarded with turquoise blue water surrounded by limestone cliffs reaching hundreds of feet high. You can jump off cliffs up to 33 feet high or just swim and float through the peaceful water. Be sure to reapply your sunscreen carefully under your life jacket, so you don’t end up permanently branded with a tramp stamp suntan like I did. A day trip costs around $30. Mine included two meals and a guide but not transportation; luckily, transport is cheap in Nicaragua so roundtrip buses to Somoto were only $2.
Check out hotels & hostels in Estelí – I recommend Sonati!
3. See lava bubble and glow at Masaya
There’s nothing that makes you respect the badass bitch that is Mother Nature like staring into the eye of a bubbling orange lava pit. At Masaya, you can peer into the volcano from a safe distance, though because of the noxious fumes they limit your time at the crater to about 10 minutes. Still, it’s an incredible experience, and definitely one of the most iconic things to do in Nicaragua. At about $15-20 for a night tour, it won’t break the bank, either.
Best as a day trip from Granada – for hostels, I recommend El Arca de Noe or Hostal Entre Amigos
4. Swim in an ancient volcanic caldera at Laguna de Apoyo
Laguna de Apoyo is a lake formed in the caldera of an extinct volcano between the capital of Managua and the tourist favorite of Granada. At 175 meters (574 feet) deep, this natural lake is surprisingly warm thanks to the geothermal activity below. Hostels nearby offer amenities like kayak and stand-up paddleboard rental. You can do a day trip for as little as $12 including roundtrip transportation and day access to amenities. Now really, where else can you kayak inside a volcano?
Check out hotels & accommodations in Laguna de Apoyo, or do it as a day trip from Granada
5. Learn to surf in Las Peñitas
Many people go to San Juan del Sur to learn to surf, but I preferred quiet little Las Peñitas, about a 30 minute chicken bus from León. Lessons start around $20, cheaper than San Juan del Sur where they’re around $30, and the beach in town is much lovelier than San Juan’s. If surfing’s not your thing – the sunsets ain’t bad either!
Check out hotels & hostels in Las Peñitas – I stayed at and recommend El Barco de Oro6. Hike in the Miraflor Nature Reserve
6. Hike in the Miraflor Nature Reserve
Nicaragua’s north is untouched and pristine, and Estelí makes the perfect base for jumping off to nearby Somoto and Miraflor Nature Reserve. You can even arrange 3- to 4-day long homestays with local families who live within the nature reserve if you really want to get off the beaten path and discover Nicaragua’s north, or you can easily make it a day trip for around $20-25 per person.
You can do homestays or if you just want to do a day trip, Sonati is a great spot as they also run tours as well as providing accommodations. Check out hotels & hostels in Estelí here .
7. Party in San Juan del Sur
This little touristy town in the very south of Nicaragua (that’s where the “del Sur” comes in) is surprisingly charming despite the legions of Sunday Funday-ers. Sunday Funday is a massive pool crawl that takes place — you guessed it — each Sunday, with an open bar across 3 different hostels. The bad news is that this’ll cost you a cool $30, a fortune in cheap Nicaragua. My liver definitely cannot make $30 worth of beer worthwhile, so I passed. If you’re younger and hipper than I am, this is one of the can’t-miss things to do in Nicaragua.
Pick a hostel wisely – some places in San Juan del Sur are super party, which may not be your speed. I thought Casa de Oro was a great blend of social without being too rowdy. Check out some options here.
8. Sleep on top of an active volcano
Telica Volcano is another one of Nicaragua’s most active, but it has the best view of all of them (and that’s saying something, as Nicaragua has nearly 20 of them). It’s home to a constantly smoking lava pit and views out to the Pacific as well as San Cristobal, the tallest volcano. Since it’s located right on the Ring of Fire, you can also see the other surrounding volcanoes (five of ’em in a row) all the way down to Lake Nicaragua. The smoke from the crater may look ominous, but it’s actually a good sign — my guide told me that when it stops smoking, that’s when it’s time to run! On lucky nights, you can look down and even see lava glowing, not quite at the level as you can at Masaya. We didn’t have any luck, but the sunset and the following morning’s sunrise were more than worth the climb.
There’s nowhere to stay on Telica — just your tent — so find a nice hostel in León to make your base. I recommend Casa Abierta!
9. Scuba dive – or just relax – in the Corn Islands
Little Corn will forever have a little piece of my heart – this gem of an island is simply special. In contrast to the lovely laidback island life, the surrounding reefs are teeming with active marine life. Swim with nurse sharks, parrotfish, spiny lobster, barracudas, blowfish, and more. Little Corn is one of the cheapest places in the world to get SCUBA certified; it’ll only set you back $330 USD. If you’re already certified, dives here are cheap. You can get a package of fun dives, 5 for $150, or single dives for about $35 each.
There are lots of great cheap accommodations on Little Corn, but not all are available online – I personally stayed at Three Brothers Guest House for $20 a night for a private room. If you have cash to spare, I recommend Yemaya Island Hideaway!
10. Learn how chocolate is made in Matagalpa
If you visit quiet little Matagalpa, be sure to check out El Castillo de Cacao, a small little chocolate operation where for $6 you can receive a tour showing you how they make their own chocolate from nearby farms. It’s no Willy Wonka, but it’s a charming and humble little factory — and samples and coffee are included, of course! As chocolate is one of the most important crops in the country, it’s definitely one of the most iconic (and delicious!) things to do in Nicaragua.
I stayed at and loved Hostal Martina’s Place – it’s your best option for accommodations in Matagalpa!
11. Visit a coffee farm
Nicaragua is renowned for its delicious coffee, and Matagalpa’s surrounding highlands are some of the best places to grow coffee in the world. If you take the chicken bus from Matagalpa towards Jinotega, you can stop at Selva Negra and take a coffee tour for $20, including coffee tasting. These only happen once or twice daily, so be sure to call ahead to inquire about schedules. If that’s not in your budget, you can get a cup of freshly brewed coffee at the restaurant for a mere 50 cents and enjoy a hike around the surrounding cloud forest, which is extremely well marked with clearly defined paths.
12. Stand atop the largest cathedral in Central America
The Cathedral de León is iconic for a reason: how incredibly dreamy is that white rooftop? They keep it so white by requiring you take off your shoes — wear socks or be prepared for your feet to scorch! From there, you have an amazing view of the volcanoes surrounding León – you can see Cerro Negro of volcano boarding fame, Telica, Momotombo and Momotombito, San Cristobal, and others flanking the city. Definitely one of the most photogenic things to do in Nicaragua – I may have had a 30-minute long solo selfie shoot, #sorrynotsorry.
Check out hotels & hostels in Leon – try to find somewhere with a pool, as León is hot, hot, hot!
13. Pay your respects to those who died in the Revolution
The Museo de la Revolución is not really a traditional museum; there are no informational placards and very few artifacts to speak of. What makes this collection of rooms — mostly filled with simply framed photos resting on the floor — a museum is the people who guide you through it: survivors of Nicaragua’s bloody revolution. Listening to the guide will help you understand the issues both historical and present which face Nicaragua today.
14. Learn how to roll Nicaragua’s finest cigars
When you think cigars, your mind naturally goes to Cuba – but did you know that hundreds of Cubans fled to Nicaragua after the Cuban Revolution and brought their tobacco farming knowledge with them? Now, Estelí makes some of the finest cigars in the world, and for a mere $8 you can take a tour of one of the city’s many small cigar factories. One of the most badass grandmas in the world, who had been working at the factory for nearly 50 years, carefully taught me how to roll cigars. Perhaps the proudest moment of my life was when she deemed me fit to work in the factory and dubbed me “la reina de la fabrica” — Queen of the Factory. Learning to roll cigars from the pros is definitely a can’t miss thing to do in Nicaragua’s north, even if you’re not a cigar smoker!
Sonati runs tours out of their hostel for $8; check out availability here!
15. Chase waterfalls in Estelí
The cigar factories of Estelí are so cool, but you leave them feeling as if you’ve just lost a year of life from your lungs because the fumes are ridiculous. Refresh your poor lungs at one of the many beautiful waterfalls flanking Estelí. Tisey Estanzuela is the most well-known and is quite close to town – about two hours’ walking distance or a cheap, quick taxi ride away. If you want to go further afield, there are day trips to Colocondo and Quiabuc las Brisas, each for around $20-25 for a day trip including transport, guides, and meals. Again, Sonati organizes a lot of these tours!
16. Kayak in Nicaragua’s idyllic mangroves
Kayaking through mangroves of Isla Juan Venado, a nature reserve near Las Peñitas on Nicaragua’s northern Pacific coast, is one of the most peaceful things to do in Nicaragua. Look for birds and other native life, and if you’re lucky, you may even see a turtle laying its eggs in the sand, as this is a protected turtle sanctuary.
You can try to find an overnight tour, or do a day trip and stay in a hotels or hostel in Las Peñitas – I recommend El Barco de Oro
17. Get a chocolate massage
You may be exhausted just reading all of the epic things to do in Nicaragua…. so why not take 5 (or 60) and relax with a chocolate massage at the luxe Mansion de Cacao, a colonial era building turned hotel and spa in the beautiful city of Granada? For a mere $34 USD, you can get lathered up in chocolate, scrubbed off, and then have an invigorating massage to soak up all that cacao-y goodness.
If you have extra cash, you can stay at Mansion de Cacao as well with their gorgeous pool. If on a budget, there are plenty of great affordable hostels in Granada.
18. Photograph the colonial buildings of Granada
Granada, Nicaragua is an Instagrammer’s dream – houses of every color line the streets. From deep cobalt blues to vibrant yellows and hot pinks, basically every color you can think up has a home here. The doors are no less stunning, and so fun to pose in if you can grab a photo buddy. One of the can’t-miss things to do in Nicaragua without a doubt!
19. Get the best view of Nicaragua’s most iconic church
The best view in Granada costs only a buck. Climb to the top of Iglesia de la Merced’s belltower and marvel at the view of the yellow and red postcard-perfect Granada Cathedral. Lake Nicaragua even peeps behind it to make a photobomb appearance so you can really grab the perfect photo. Go around 5 PM for the best light and a sneak glimpse of sunset before the belltower closes at 5:30.
20. Try the local food
Nicaragua’s food will never win any awards for creativity, but it’s not without its comforts. Gallo pinto – a simple side of rice and beans – will adorn basically every local meal you eat in this country. Have it with pollo asado (grilled chicken), tajadas (super-thin plantain chips), ensalada, and maduros (sweet roasted plantains) for the most Nica of meals. Other things to try include vigerón in Granada, a dish made of yucca, cabbage, and chicharrón, and nacatamales, a Nicaraguan spin on the tamale.
Also, if you like lobster, this is one of the cheapest places in the world to eat it! Get a whole lobster meal for $6-10 in certain parts of the country, particularly the Pacific Coast and Little Corn Island.
21. Swim in a natural spring on Isla de Ometepe
El Ojo de Agua is a natural swimming hole on the stunning Isla de Ometepe, an island composed of two volcanoes in the middle of Lake Nicaragua. Nicaragua is freaking hot pretty much any time of year, so cool off with a lovely dip at this natural beauty.
I didn’t make it to Ometepe – I blame the beautiful Corn Islands for holding me captive for two weeks – but I’ve heard to skip Moyogalpa, the port city. Instead, try to find accommodations in Altagracia, Balgue, or Mérida on Ometepe.
22. Hike Nicaragua’s toughest volcano, Concepción
Warning: not for the faint of heart. I didn’t even attempt this one after hearing from countless people that it took over 10 hours and was the toughest thing they have done in their lives. At 5,282 feet or 1,610 meters, altitude is not what’ll get you here: it’s the sheer steepness of the incline, muddiness of the paths, and relentlessness of the Nicaraguan sun. After climbing Telica and Cerro Negro, I can attest that climbing any volcano in Nicaragua is tough, and Concepción only ups the ante. Maderas, the other volcano composing Ometepe, is also tough but supposedly not quite as difficult. It is illegal to hike either volcano without a guide, and with good reason – people have lost their lives trying. A guide will cost you around $50-70 for a day hike.
23. See a Pacific sunset
As a California girl, the Pacific holds a special place in my heart. Whether you watch the sun sink into the ocean from the chilled out beach town of Las Peñitas, the surf mecca of Popoyo, or the party city of San Juan del Sur, you can’t go wrong with that view. One of the simplest things to do in Nicaragua, yet one of the most satisfying.
24. Check out a traditional craft market in Masaya
If you’re a souvenir person, Nicaragua’s got your back. Quite literally, in fact, if you opt for their most famous export, the high quality hand woven hammocks. These’ll set you back about $20 apiece. Ceramics, jewelry, and embroidered clothing also round out the craft offerings you’ll find here. Masaya’s craft market is the most traditional in the country. Just make sure to ask to be directed to the municipal or local market – prices are half the price of the tourist market!
Masaya is easy enough to get to on chicken bus from Granada, but if you’d like to stay, there are lots of cheap places to lay your head at night in Masaya.
25. Ride a chicken bus
If you haven’t taken a chicken bus, I don’t think you get to say that you’ve been to Nicaragua. The humble chicken bus will take you virtually anywhere you need to go in this country for a song – I never paid more than $2 for a single journey, and often less than $1. These are converted American schoolbuses tricked out to the nines with distinctly Jesus-y vibes. Enterprising locals swarm the bus at every stop, selling sodas, tajadas, enchiladas (which are basically empanadas with salad), cakes, coffee, you name it. It doesn’t get more Nicaragua than that.
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